In the section of At-Talaaq (Divorce) in Al-Fawaa’id ul-Majmoo’ah, pg. 139, Hadeeth #1, Al-Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee (رحمه الله) discusses the following narration attributed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم):
تزوجوا و لا تطلقوا ، فإن الطلاق يهتز له العرش
“Marry and do not divorce, for verily divorce causes the ‘Arsh (Allah’s Throne) to shake.”
It was reported by Al-Khateeb from ‘Alee (رضي الله عنه) as a hadeeth of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Its isnaad (chain of narrators) contains ‘Amr ibn Jumay’, and he reports fabricated hadeeths attributing them to reliable people.”
End of Ash-Shawkaanee’s statement.
Ash-Shaykh Muhammad Naasir ud-Deen Al-Albaanee (رحمه الله) recorded in Dha’eef ul-Jaami’, pg. 358, #2429 the following narration:
تزوجوا و لا تطلقوا ، فإن الطلاق يهتز منه العرش
“Marry and do not divorce, for verily the ‘Arsh (Allah’s Throne) shakes from it (divorce).”
It was recorded by Ibn ‘Adee in Al-Kaamil from ‘Alee. Shaykh Al-Albaanee graded it as Mawdhoo’ (fabricated, forged, made up) and also discussed its forgery in Ad-Dha’eefah, hadeeth #731.
Also, while we are in this discussion, there are two other narrations that should be mentioned in this regard:
It is attributed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) that he said:
أبغض الحلال إلى الله : الطلاق
“The most hated of the Halaal (lawful things) to Allah is divorce.”
Recorded by Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah and Al-Haakim from Ibn ‘Umar. Al-Albaanee graded it Dha’eef (weak) in Dha’eef ul-Jaami’, #44, Al-Irwaa’, #2040, and Al-Mishkaat, #3280.
It is true that Ash-Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz (رحمه الله) considered this hadeeth Hasan (good), and also in the Fataawaa of the Lajnah (Committee for Religious Verdicts in Saudi Arabia), Vol. 4, pp. 438-439, Fatwaa #11005, the Lajnah concluded that the hadeeth is authentic due to a connected chain in Sunan Abee Dawood, #2178, that they considered Saheeh (authentic). However, it is discussed in Al-Muwaffaqaat of Al-Imaam Ash-Shaatibee (رحمه الله) in some detail, and the conclusion is that the single chain referred to by the Lajnah in Sunan Abee Dawood is weak due to the error of the narrator Muhammad bin Khaalid Al-Wahabee who connected it to Ibn ‘Umar from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), but numerous other narrators who are also more reliable than him, related it as a Mursal narration (attributed to the Prophet but with the narrator missing, so it’s attributed to him by someone who didn’t hear from him) without Ibn ‘Umar in the chain attributing it to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Therefore, the hadeeth is weak, as Shaykh Al-Albaanee said. See Al-Muwaffaqaat of Al-Imaam Ash-Shaatibee with the checking of Shaykh Mash-hoor Hasan Aal Salmaan, (1/200).
Also there is the narration attributed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم):
تزوجوا و لا تطلقوا ، فإن الله لا يحب الذواقين ، و لا الذواقات
“Marry and do not divorce, for verily Allah does not love the male tasters and the female tasters (i.e. those who marry and divorce different people).”
Recorded by At-Tabaraanee in Al-Kabeer from Abu Moosaa. Al-Albaanee said it is Dha’eef (weak) in Dha’eef ul-Jaami’, #2430, and Ghaayat ul-Maraam, #255.
Conclusion: It is not true that divorce causes Allah’s Throne to shake, as this is something of the unseen matters and it can only be known by revelation to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), and since there is nothing authentic from him saying that, we should not discourage others from divorce by scaring them with this false narration. Also, it is not confirmed from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) that divorce is the most hated of the halaal things. Indeed, this is not being stated to encourage divorce, as it is clearly discouraged without a valid reason. However, if people cannot get along together, or they are not compatible with each other, and their remaining together would cause more harm, maybe physically and possibly to their faith (Eeman), they should not be disouraged from divorcing amicably by using these unauthentic narrations to scare them into staying together.
Allah knows best, and may He bless us all to find suitable spouses who will be pleasing to us in this life, and help us in our journey to Al-Jannah (the Paradise).