Some people that celebrate Valentine’s Day say, “Verily Islam encourages people to be loving and peaceful. And Valentine’s Day is a day when Muslims can spread love and peace among themselves.” So why is it prohibited to participate in this celebration?
The answer to that question can be given from various angles.
The celebrations and holidays in Islaam purpose are for worship to draw near to Allaah the Most High. These joyous special events are from the Islamic legislation. The only days that Islam legislates as holidays are; Jum’ah, Fitr and Adha. Worship in Islam is ordained with limits. Therefore absolutely nobody has the right to decide a holiday or celebration which Allaah or His messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) didn’t fix. And for that reason to celebrate Valentine’s Day or any other day invented by the son of Adam is considered a misguided practice in Islaam. Moreover to add such days are an addition to the days Allaah has fixed.
Celebrating Valentine’s Day is following the ways and traditions of the Romans, and the Christians.
The Christians are following the Romans in celebrating Valentine’s Day; as this day isn’t part of their religion. Since the Muslims have been prohibited from resembling the Christians in their religious practices, then how about an act which is invented and blindly followed in the faith of the pagans!!
And in general, resembling the disbelievers, pagans and the People of the Book in their actions is prohibited. It doesn’t matter whether it is in acts of their belief and worship, the prohibition still remains. And the prohibition included in worship is sterner.
Additionally to follow them in particular actions of worship, conduct and character is also Haraam as laid down from the Quran, Sunnah and consensus of the companions. Allah says,” And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment.”[Al-Imran 105] , Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism) to be affected by Allâh’s Reminder (this Qur’ân), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? And many of them were Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh[Al-Hadeed 16]
Allaah has warned the believers from practicing the acts of the People of the Book. These people have changed their religion, altered words in their books and invented practices which weren’t ordained for them to do. Furthermore they have abandoned the deeds prescribed for them. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)said,” Whoever resembles a people in their actions and practices is just like them.”[Abu Dawud 4021, Ahmed 2/50)…
Ibn Taymeeyah reported that there is a consensus among the people of knowledge that acting like the disbelievers during their holidays was considered Haraam during the era of the companions (may Allaah be pleased with them all). Acting like the disbelievers in their religious practices –like Valentine’s Day is more dangerous than dressing like them, imitating their customs and character. The reason for this is because there are some acts which are innovated, misunderstood, and whatever hasn’t been misinterpreted has been abrogated. i.e by the Quran and Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him). There isn’t anything remaining in their actions to draw close to Allaah.
Celebrating Valentine’s Day is imitating the pagans’ joyous celebrations- Romans. And not only is it imitating the Romans, but the people of the book too. They have a myth about this saint and have fallen into extreme acts around him. The People of the Book direct worship to this man which no man deserves. i.e they have given him –St. Valentine -a holiday and celebrate it.
The purpose behind St. Valentine ’s Day today is to spread love between the Muslims and disbelievers.
This act contradicts Islaam. The right which the Muslim owes the disbeliever is justice and fairness in all dealings. The Muslim must not oppress the Kafir…Allaah has ordained love for the disbeliever to be absent in his verse “You (O Muhammad SAW) will not find any people who believe in Allâh and the Last Day, making friendship with those who oppose Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW ), even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people). For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Rûh (proofs, light and true guidance) from Himself. And We will admit them to Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein (forever). Allâh is pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allâh. Verily, it is the Party of Allâh that will be the successful.”[ Al-Mujadelah 22”] Ibn Taymeeyah(may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “ Allaah has stated that love between the Muslim and disbeliever is non-existent. And any Muslim who loves a disbeliever isn’t a true believer…
The love intended during this holiday ever since the Christians revived it is passion and infatuation outside the limits of matrimony, which consequently result in unlawful sex and lewdness. And for that reason religious adherents to Christianity wagged war against this day sometime ago. Subsequently it was cancelled as a holiday. However, later it was restored again. Many of the youth are celebrating St. Valentine’s Day to satisfy their desires. They don’t hold the superstition beliefs about it, which the Romans and Christians view. Nonetheless, this doesn’t clear them of resembling the Kufur in one of the traditions of their religion. Acts like this can drive the person practicing them to disbelief if the conditions are met and the things which prevent him from leaving Islam are lifted. It is not permissible for a Muslim to build a strong relationship with a woman other than his wife. Being in a relationship where infatuation and passion are present is a door to Adultery or fornication…
Written by : Ibraheem ibn Muhammad Al-Huqayl
Translated by Abo Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight